Thursday, 9 July 2009

Sappho And Phaon - Σαπφώ Καί Φάων

Σύμφωνα με τον ιστορικό Αιλιανό, στη Λέσβο υπήρχε ένας γέρος καλόκαρδος βαρκάρης,
ο Φάωνας, ο οποίος μετέφερε με την βάρκα του ανθρώπους από τη Λέσβο στη Μικρά Ασία.
Η θεά Αφροδίτη θέλοντας να δοκιμάσει την καλοσύνη και την ανθρωπιά του Φάωνα παρουσιάστηκε σ’ αυτόν με τη μορφή γριάς και του ζήτησε να τη μεταφέρει με τη βάρκα του.
Ο Φάωνας πρόθυμος όπως πάντα τη μετέφερε με κάθε φροντίδα και χωρίς να δεχτεί καμία αμοιβή. Τότε η Αφροδίτη τιμώντας το Φάωνα για την καλοσύνη και την ανθρωπιά του, του χάρισε ένα αλάβαστρο με μύρο και πως ο Φάωνας, όταν άλειψε το σώμα του με αυτό, έγινε νέος και πάρα πολύ όμορφος.
Άρχισαν τότε να τον αγαπούν όλες οι γυναίκες της Λέσβου συμπεριλαμβανομένης και της Σαπφώς. Ώσπου στο τέλος κάποιοι τον έσφαξαν για μοιχεία.
Η Σαπφώ σύμφωνα με τον μύθο απογοητευμένη από τον άτυχο έρωτα της για το Φάωνα, αυτοκτόνησε πέφτοντας στη θάλασσα από το ακρωτήριο Λευκάτας, που βρίσκεται στη Λευκάδα.
Στο θεατρικό έργο του Μενάνδρου με τίτλο «Λευκαδία» ,τη διάσωση του οποίου οφείλουμε στον Στράβωνα, διαβάζουμε:

"ου δη λέγεται πρώτη Σαπφώ
τον υπέρκομπον θηρώσα Φάων

οιστρώντι ποθω ρίψαι πέτρας
από τηλεφανούς, αλλά κατ'ευχήν

σην, δέσποτ' άναξ, ευφημείσθω

τέμενος περί Λευκάδος ακτής"


(όπου λέγεται ότι πρώτη η Σαπφώ,
κυνηγώντας με τον οίστρο του πόθου

τον αλλαζονικό Φάωνα

ρίχτηκε από ένα γκρεμό

που φαίνεται από μακριά.

Αλλά με την δική σου ευχή,
αφέντη θεέ,
ας είναι δοξασμένο
το τέμενος
κοντά στην ακτή της Λευκάδας)

.................................................
According to Aelian the historian, there was once in Lesbos island a kindhearted boatman,
named Phaon, who passed people with his boat to Asia Minor. Aphroditi, wishing to test his kindness and honesty, appeared before him as an old ugly woman, and asked him to carry her in his boat to Asia. Phaon, willing as always, took her to the other side with caring and no cost. Then, Aphroditi, awarded him for his good heart , with a box of ointment. When Phaon rubbed his body with it he became young and very beautiful, so that every woman in Lesbos desired him , and among them Sappho, who loved him so much, and had an affair with him.
But with beauty came arrogance for Phaon, and he was slaughtered some day for adultery.
According to myth, Sappho fell into depression after her unfortunate love story with Phaon , and finally commited suicide by throwing herself to the sea, from cape Lefkata which is in Lefkada island of the Ionian sea.
In a theatrical play of Menandrus, titled "Lefkadia", that was saved by Strabon, we read:

"where as people say,
Sappho was the first
chasing arrogant Phaon,

full of desire and lust,fell down
from a cliff high enough
to be
visible from a long distance.

But with your own wish
my lord (Apollo),
let this temple,
near Lefkada coast be glorious."


Photos:
1: Lefkata Cape, Lefkada isle
2: Sappho, Phaon and Eros
3: Sappho

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